|# of Leads
|Number of gear trains
|Short time permissible torque(N.m)
Used for 3D printer ,
electronic automatic equipment stepping motor,
medical instrument stepping motor,
advertising instrument stepper motor,
lighting& audio equipment stepper motor,
printer stepper motor, textile machinery stepper motor.
Cnc router stepper motor.
brushless dc motor
Driver(stepper driver and BLDC driver)
Easy servo motor and so on
|Nc Machine Tool
|Number of Stator:
|Number of Poles:
Impact of Gear Tooth Design and Profile on the Efficiency of Planetary Gearboxes
The design and profile of gear teeth have a significant impact on the efficiency of planetary gearboxes:
- Tooth Profile: The tooth profile, such as involute, cycloid, or modified profiles, affects the contact pattern and load distribution between gear teeth. An optimized profile minimizes stress concentration and ensures smooth meshing, contributing to higher efficiency.
- Tooth Shape: The shape of gear teeth influences the amount of sliding and rolling motion during meshing. Gear teeth designed for more rolling and less sliding motion reduce friction and wear, enhancing overall efficiency.
- Pressure Angle: The pressure angle at which gear teeth engage affects the force distribution and efficiency. Larger pressure angles can lead to higher efficiency due to improved load sharing, but they may require more space.
- Tooth Thickness and Width: Optimized tooth thickness and width contribute to distributing the load more evenly across the gear face. Proper sizing reduces stress and increases efficiency.
- Backlash: Backlash, the gap between meshing gear teeth, impacts efficiency by causing vibrations and energy losses. Properly controlled backlash minimizes these effects and improves efficiency.
- Tooth Surface Finish: Smoother tooth surfaces reduce friction and wear. Proper surface finish, achieved through grinding or honing, enhances efficiency by reducing energy losses due to friction.
- Material Selection: The choice of gear material influences wear, heat generation, and overall efficiency. Materials with good wear resistance and low friction coefficients contribute to higher efficiency.
- Profile Modification: Profile modifications, such as tip and root relief, optimize tooth contact and reduce interference. These modifications minimize friction and increase efficiency.
In summary, the design and profile of gear teeth play a crucial role in determining the efficiency of planetary gearboxes. Optimal tooth profiles, shapes, pressure angles, thicknesses, widths, surface finishes, and material selections all contribute to reducing friction, wear, and energy losses, resulting in improved overall efficiency.
Differences Between Inline and Right-Angle Planetary Gearbox Configurations
Inline and right-angle planetary gearbox configurations are two common designs with distinct characteristics suited for various applications. Here’s a comparison of these configurations:
Inline Planetary Gearbox:
- Configuration: In an inline configuration, the input and output shafts are aligned along the same axis. The sun gear, planetary gears, and ring gear are typically arranged in a straight line.
- Compactness: Inline gearboxes are more compact and have a smaller footprint, making them suitable for applications with limited space.
- Efficiency: Inline configurations tend to have slightly higher efficiency due to the direct alignment of components.
- Output Speed and Torque: Inline gearboxes are better suited for applications that require higher output speeds and lower torque.
- Applications: They are commonly used in robotics, conveyors, printing machines, and other applications where space is a consideration.
Right-Angle Planetary Gearbox:
- Configuration: In a right-angle configuration, the input and output shafts are oriented at a 90-degree angle to each other. This allows for a change in direction of power transmission.
- Space Flexibility: Right-angle gearboxes offer flexibility in arranging components, making them suitable for applications that require changes in direction or where space constraints prevent a straight-line configuration.
- Torque Capacity: Right-angle configurations can handle higher torque loads due to the increased surface area of gear engagement.
- Applications: They are often used in cranes, elevators, conveyor systems, and applications requiring a change in direction.
- Efficiency: Right-angle configurations may have slightly lower efficiency due to increased gear meshing complexity and potential for additional losses.
Choosing between inline and right-angle configurations depends on factors such as available space, required torque and speed, and the need for changes in power transmission direction. Each configuration offers distinct advantages based on the specific needs of the application.
Role of Sun, Planet, and Ring Gears in Planetary Gearboxes
The arrangement of sun, planet, and ring gears is a fundamental aspect of planetary gearboxes and significantly contributes to their performance. Each gear type plays a specific role in the gearbox’s operation:
- Sun Gear: The sun gear is located at the center and is driven by the input power source. It transmits torque to the planet gears, causing them to orbit around it. The sun gear’s size and rotation speed affect the overall gear ratio of the system.
- Planet Gears: Planet gears are smaller gears that surround the sun gear. They are held in place by the planet carrier and mesh with both the sun gear and the internal teeth of the ring gear. As the sun gear rotates, the planet gears revolve around it, engaging with both the sun and ring gears simultaneously. This arrangement multiplies torque and changes the direction of rotation.
- Ring Gear (Annulus Gear): The ring gear is the outermost gear with internal teeth that mesh with the planet gears’ external teeth. It remains stationary or acts as the output shaft. The interaction between the planet gears and the ring gear causes the planet gears to rotate on their own axes as they orbit the sun gear.
The arrangement of these gears allows for various gear reduction ratios and torque multiplication effects, making planetary gearboxes versatile and efficient for a wide range of applications. The combination of multiple gear engagements and interactions distributes the load across multiple gear teeth, resulting in higher torque capacity, smoother operation, and lower stress on individual gear teeth.
Planetary gearboxes offer advantages such as compact size, high torque density, and the ability to achieve multiple gear reduction stages within a single unit. The arrangement of the sun, planet, and ring gears is essential for achieving these benefits while maintaining efficiency and reliability in various mechanical systems.
editor by CX 2023-09-18
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The Basics of a Planetary Gearbox
The basic model of a planetary gearbox is a highly efficient transmission that transmits nearly ninety percent of the power it receives. The basic planetary gearbox comes in three basic types: Inline, Helical, and Spur. Below, we will discuss the differences between each of them and which one is better for your needs. A planetary gearbox is an important part of any engine and may be the perfect choice for your vehicle.
Inline planetary gearbox
An inline planetary gearbox has an inline arrangement of gears that enables the transfer of power. Its design makes it stable and reliable, and the space and weight-saving benefits make it a popular choice for many applications. Planetary gearboxes have low inertia, high torque, and a wide range of reduction ratios, which make them a versatile choice for many industries. To find out more about this type of gearbox, read about its construction and specifications.
A planetary gearbox is composed of two parts: a sun gear (also called the central or input gear), and two planet gears (also called outer gears). These gears are connected to each other via a carrier. In order to get the best performance from your gearbox, it’s important to find a model with the features and benefits required for your application. Also, be sure to check out the delivery time, global availability, and customer service of your selected constructor. A few constructors are faster than others and have the ability to respond quickly, while others can deliver every single planetary gearbox out of stock.
Whether you’re using an inline planetary gearbox for your car’s transmission, or you’re building a new machine, it’s important to choose the right size for your application. The most common ratio is five:1, but an inline gearbox can be as high as 1000:1! The torque range is between 250-950 lb-in for continuous torque, and up to 5800 lb-in for yield torque. Some companies even offer custom shafts if you need them to fit a specific application.
Inline planetary gearboxes have a high ratio of helical rotation and are useful for applications where space is limited. Their low-backlash design allows them to handle high torques and high accelerations without backlash. Despite their compact size, planetary gear systems also have high single-stage reduction ratios, a feature that makes them ideal for a variety of industrial applications. They can also be connected for high reduction ratios.
An inline planetary gearbox can be used in many applications, from small tools to heavy industrial machinery. Its basic design includes three components: an input gear pair, an output gear pair, and a stationary position. Some planetary gearbox designs also include additional gear sets that can provide a slight offset between input and output. A planetary gearbox may also contain multiple bearings, which make the assembly more robust and reliable.
Inline planetary gear reducers are commonly used in industrial settings to slow down an electric motor. They are able to multiply torque, which means they can reduce the input speed to a level where the mechanical devices inside the motor can function properly. This type of gear reducer also has a low clearance, which makes it ideal for machines with high torque. However, you should consider the amount of torque required in your application before you make a purchase.
Helical planetary gearbox
A helical planetary gearbox is a type of mechanical system. The gears are connected by joints to the carrier that holds the planets stationary. The sun gear serves as an input to the other gears, and the planet gears rotate at a rate that depends on the number of teeth in each gear. The ratio between these gears is -Ns/Np, and the number of teeth in the ring is N r, N s, and N p.
Another type of planetary gearbox uses multiple helical axes to distribute the load. This design also offers high stiffness and low backlash, which is important for applications involving frequent start-stop cycles and rotational direction changes. It also features a compact design and low mass inertia. A helical planetary gearbox can be used for a wide range of applications. Listed below are some of the benefits of helical gear technology.
The basic design of a helical planetary gear is based on the principle of stepping planets. This concept eliminates the need for timing marks and restrictive assembly conditions. The planetary gear’s helical shape can be modified to achieve a greater transmission ratio in an equal or smaller volume. For example, a 50-T ring gear will yield the same effect as a 100-T ring gear.
In addition to the helical axis, a helical planetary gearbox also has a wide variety of secondary features that are critical to torque transmission. For instance, compact needle roller bearings are appropriate for a helical planetary gearbox because of their low-profile design and small space. However, a tapered roller bearing is better suited to handling high axial forces. In general, a helical planetary gearbox will have a higher efficiency rate and lower noise levels.
A helical planetary gearbox will have a number of components that can vary in size and shape. They will include a sun gear and many planetary parts. The central sun gear will take a low-torque input and will run multiple external gears to increase the torque and speed. This basic model of a planetary gearbox is highly efficient, transferring 97% of the power input. There are three main types of planetary gearboxes: the cylindrical planetary gearbox, the helical planetary gearbox, and the helical wormwheel.
The CZPT is a good example of an entry-level helical planetary gearbox. It is extremely reliable and aimed at providing torque in quiet applications with high precision. The Access series is another option, which is designed to meet the needs of the low-backlash planetary gearbox market. It features helical planetary gears with five to eight arc-minutes backlash, and is built on a monobloc housing.
A helical planetary gearbox is widely used in 3D printing. They are lightweight and can provide a high gear ratio. In addition to their low weight and high efficiency, some people have installed them into 3D printers to improve the accuracy of their designs. And in addition to 3D printing, helical gears are used in many industrial applications. If you’re thinking about purchasing one, you should know what the benefits are.
Spur planetary gearbox
There are many advantages to a spur planetary gearbox, from its compact design and low cost to its unmatched power transmission capacity per unit volume. Planetary gears have high efficiency per stage and can achieve up to 95% efficiency, depending on the ratio. Planet gears are mounted on a joint carrier, and the output rotation speed is slower than the drive rotation speed, which leads to increased torque. The higher the gear wheels, the more torque the unit can produce.
A spur planetary gearbox incorporates multiple other gear sets that must have helical teeth. These other gear sets must be helical, and the motor must be aligned with the driven parts. The spur gears are the most efficient type of planetary gear, as their teeth are symmetrical, which means no axial forces are generated. The difference between a spur and a planetary gearbox is its shape.
The right angle spur planetary gearbox is a versatile design with a spiral bevel gear that provides superior smoothness and quiet operation. This gearhead is case-hardened and ground to increase its efficiency. These gears can be purchased in 3-100 ratios. Spur planetary gearboxes can also have ISO rotary flanges, keyed shafts, DIN splines, or hollow compression connections.
A spur planetary gearbox utilizes spur gears around the circumference of the mechanism. The spur gears rotate between gears that have internal and external teeth. Because of this, the angular velocity of the spur gear differential carrier is the average of the ring gears and sun gears. A spur gearbox can also be considered a compound planetary gear. It is typically used for servo applications. Unlike spur gears, helical planetary gears are easier to maintain and have lower noise levels.
The most notable difference between a spur planetary gearbox and a planetary gearhead is the lubrication of the pinion and the spur gear head. A spur gear head is less complex, but cannot handle the same amount of load as a planetary gearhead. Both types can achieve the same backlash, but a planetary gearhead has better lubrication retention than a spur gear. It can run at higher speeds without excessive lubrication, while a spur gear drive is more efficient at low speeds. The reduction ratio of a planetary gearhead is near unity while that of a planetary gear head is many thousand to one.
A planetary gearbox has many applications. Plastic machinery, goods & personnel lifts, and machine tools are all prime examples of these types of gearing systems. Other industries that use these gears include wind turbines and sugar crystallizers, as well as steel and sugar mills. And of course, the use of planetary gears is not limited to these industries. It is used in many different ways, including slewing drives, mill drive, and derrick & dockyard cranes
editor by czh 2023-02-14
We – EPG Team the largest gearbox & motors , couplings and gears manufacturing facility in China with 5 different branches. For a lot more information: Cellular/whatsapp/telegram/Kakao us at: 0086~13083988828 13858117778083988828
Nema 17 planetary gear reducer stepper motor
42JX Planetary equipment reducer parameters XXX=Reduction Ratio
|one hundred twenty five
|Number of gear trains
|Rated output torque(kg.cm)
|Gear Box Length(mm)
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